Oil Country Lathe
The name oil country lathe comes from the fact that there are a lot of demands for the heavy duty lathe for the machining for power industry, and it is a CNC horizontal lathe machine that is a heavy duty machine tool which rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, deformation, facing, and turning; such heavy duty machining are conducted with gigantic tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the main spindle driven by powered system which may be direct drive, belt driven, or gear drive system.
Speaking of modern machining, turning machines are classified into two main categories according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts. For the oil country lathe, it belongs to the horizontal model as most of the work pieces are too large to be loaded onto vertical platform. Because for the vertical platform, the work piece is clamped vertically and the cutting tool is thus installed the same direction.
Directional arrangement of oil country lathe
Vertical arrangement of work piece clamping is much more stern and fixed due to the gravity effect compared to the horizontal methodology and manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually made their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users in a variety of industrial sectors that pursue for high precision, such as automotive industry, aerospace sector, sport equipment application, and other fields with larger size work pieces but not for heavy duty turning lathes such as oil country lathe machines and other models with longer work pieces, and since with the vertical clamping mechanism, the spindles of vertical turning lathes are also located behind the chuck, which may cause the vertical arrangement of chuck and cylinder to sustain too much gravity on the base case, while some may be belt-driven, and some may be other types of driving mechanisms.
Similar to milling machines and machine centers, turning lathes can also be equipped with power tools as well as too magazines to boost its functionality and versatility, granting wider processing possibility to users. Power turret is a modern and standard accessory of many CNC turning machines, and as one of the most important accessories to the users of CNC lathes, Taiwanese suppliers aim at this business and have developed many well known power turret and power tool companies that supports the demands from lathe users all over the global industrial sectors. As these components and accessories grant great much convenience to users, the demands surge in the market for the past decade regardless of the higher prices. Many of these power turrets are driven by single motor with servo features, which can assure the best machining effects and save the optimal energy consumption; at the mean time, they can also provide great rigidity onto the work pieces, rendering an advanced turning procedure.